The City of San Pedro, Laguna
San Pedro is a first class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines, officially City of San Pedro (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Pedro) and often referred to as San Pedro City is named after its patron saint, Peter the Apostle. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 325,809 inhabitants. Despite being the third smallest in the entire province, with a total land surface area of only 24.05 km2, San Pedro has the highest population density in the province of Laguna.
San Pedro is located in Region 4A or CALABARZON. San Pedro is the boundary between Laguna and Metro Manila, so San Pedro is known as "Laguna's Gateway to Metro Manila". San Pedro shares boundaries with Metro Manila's southernmost city, Muntinlupa (North), Biñan (South), Dasmariñas (West), Carmona and Gen. Mariano Alvarez (SouthWest). Its position makes San Pedro a popular suburban residential community, where many residents commute daily for work to Metro Manila. San Pedro is politically subdivided into 27 barangays. Brgy. San Antonio is the largest barangay, which has a total of 780 hectares. While Brgy. San Vicente is the most populous with a total population of 92,092 as of 2011.
San Pedro de Tunasan became a town on January 18, 1725, when King Charles II of Spain decreed that the town formerly known as "Tabuko" be a separate town from "Kabullaw" (now known as the city of Cabuyao). By virtue of the last will of Philip V of Spain, Rodriguez de Figueroa or "Don Esteban", a group of Augustinian Fathers gained the ownership of the Tunasán Estate. Later on, San Pedro became an hacienda of Colegio de San José, a group of Jesuits friars who took over the property which now is known as "San Pedro Tunasán". "Tunasán" literally means "a place where there is Tunás" (Nymphaea nouchali), a medicinal plant abundant on shoreline area. During that period, agriculture, fishing, duck raising, fruit trees, sampaguita were the main source of income of its residents. This period was highlighted by the growing tenant/landlord dispute. The tenants of Hacienda San Pedro Tunasán fought for their birthrights over their ancestral lands. This struggle took almost 423 years of unsuccessful resistance to Colegio de San José, and in 1938, the government bought the homesites of the San Pedro Tunasán Hacienda from the Colegio for re-sale to its tenants. This event laid to rest the tenants/landlord problem in the town. In the year 1902, the name San Pedro de Tunasan was simplified to San Pedro. From the Spanish time until after the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, the scenario did change a bit, when on August 30, 1954, beginning to the Philippine Commonwealth forces against the Japanese, President Ramón Magsaysay signed at the historic town plaza the Land Tenancy Act. By virtue of this law, farm lots of the hacienda were bought by the Philippine Government to be sold at cost to the tenants or occupants of the farm lots in Bayan-Bayanan under the Narra Settlement Project of the Magsaysay Administration.
On March 27, 2013, President Benigno Aquino signed the 64-page Republic Act No. 10420 converting the municipality into a new component city of the province of Laguna. The cityhood of San Pedro was ratified through a plebiscite scheduled by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC). The date for the ratification is December 28, 2013 after the National Barangay Elections. It became the sixth city of Laguna after the cities of Biñan, Cabuyao, Calamba, San Pablo and Santa Rosa, and also the third to be a city in the 1st congressional district of Laguna - making it the first city district in the province. COMELEC officially proclaimed the first-class municipality of San Pedro as a component city of Laguna on December 29, 2013. Juanito Icarro, regional director of CALABARZON and MIMAROPA, and Marianne Marfori, provincial election supervisor, made the proclamation at the municipal hall after San Pedro residents voted for the cityhood in a plebiscite held on December 28, 2013. “Yes” votes for cityhood totaled 16,996 (which is additional 50 votes added in some precincts mostly in San Vicente area to win the "Yes" vote), and “No” votes, only 869, in 501 clustered precincts in San Pedro. Only 11% of 165,777 registered voters in San Pedro’s 20 barangays took part in the plebiscite. The largest barangay with industry, manufacturing, supermarkets, and stores in San Pedro are San Antonio, these barangay have the largest areas in San Pedro. The city center and city proper or poblacion (San Pedro) is where most of the San Pedronians go to buy their goods. San Pedro also has a large number of factories surrounding it. Most of the factories are located at Magsaysay Rd. in San Antonio. Agriculture lands now account for only thirteen hectares of the total land area due to residential, commercial and industrial conversions. There are lands with slope ranging from 8% - 15% of the total land area located in parts of Barangay San Antonio and San Vicente planted with mangoes and siniguelas trees. Livestock and poultry businesses operate in the area. There are 4,705 total business establishments, 40 commercial, savings and rural banks, 117 restaurant, cafeteria, and other refreshment parlor, and two public and five private markets and supermarkets. There are 40 banks, 62 pawnshops, 36 lending institutions and 11 insurance companies operating in the city. A large percentage of industrial and manufacturing establishments of San Pedro is located on the adjacent barangays of San Vicente and San Antonio.
City of San Pedro has a 20 km tourism belt to promote the hidden beauty of the city and to attract more tourist to visit the city. The annual City Festival is celebrated on the 2nd week of February. A week-long festival which includes various activities ranging from cultural to sports, trade fairs, amateur singing contests, parades, historical exhibits, social & religious gatherings, tribal dances, street dances, cheering & sport exhibitions. The highlight of the festival is the coronation night of the "Hiyas ng San Pedro". The festival aims to promote tourism in San Pedro and to revitalize Sampaguita industry in the community. San Pedro City holds the record of laying the longest sampaguita (flower lei) line spanning 3.6 km (2 mi), from Biñan City-San Pedro City boundary to San Pedro City-Muntinlupa City boundary on the National Highway, making them listed in the Guinness World Records in 2009. "Paskuhan Sa San Pedro" is an annually celebrated festival in San Pedro City. It starts at the beginning of December up to the end of the month. The opening is a grand parade which is participated by public and private schools in the city, local government and other socio-civic organizations. The main event of the opening is the lighting of the whole plaza, fireworks display, and various performance of some school. Every night a variety of shows were performed by the participants which last up to midnight. During the 29 December of every year the Cityhood Anniversary of San Pedro is celebrated. In the city there are jeepneys, tricycles, vans, and bus terminals that provide transportation to every part of the city or outside city. Buses with lines from Metro Manila serve the city. Jeepneys provides service between the city and nearby areas and the city's barangays. Tricycles and pedicabs serves the barangays and subdivisions (gated communities). The city is served by one expressway, one national highway, and a network of arterial roads serving the surrounding barangays. South Luzon Expressway serves the city, with one exit, San Pedro Exit (Exit 27). Laguna Lakeshore Expressway Dike, a proposed expressway, will serve the city's eastern part. The "National Highway" (Daang Maharlika/Maharlika Highway or formerly Manila South Road), passes through San Antonio, Nueva, Poblacion, and Landayan. This highway is mainly plied by jeepneys, serving routes between Alabang and Calamba, Laguna. Philippine National Railway Metro Commuter Line serves the city with 2 railroad stations.